The city of Cairo has acted for an infinite time as a guardian and a center for culture, art, and beauty. It is quite famous for being the capital of Egypt, and the largest metropolitan area in Africa, The Middle East, the Arab world, and the 15th largest in the world. The city occupies an area of about 528 square kilometers in northern Egypt, 120 km (75 mi) west of Gulf of Suez & Suez canal, 165 km (100 mi) south of the Mediterranean Sea and lies on both banks of the Nile River near the Nile delta. Through history, there was always a capital for Egypt but the Cairo we know today was founded in 969 CE by the Fatimid dynasty where it became the heart of the region’s political and cultural life.
The city became known as “the city of a thousand minarets” due to the numerous mosques, castles, and churches located within it along with the world’s second-oldest institution of higher learning Al-Azhar University and the home of the headquarters of the Arab League. In the heart of Cairo lies the sound the freedom the Tahrir square and the house of magic the Egyptian Museum that many artifacts and monuments dating back to the 26th dynasty. The city is the headquarters of the government and the core of all sectors of financial and political control. Also, it holds the biggest mass media center and production of film & music in the Middle East, many culture centers, museums, artistic institutes, sports clubs, and universities. Its climate is quite different as it has 8 months and summer and 4 months of winter, that’s why from November to April is the best time to check it out. The city is the home to 9 million residents who provide a super busy environment.